Sport Diving is an exciting and dynamically developing sport that requires certain knowledge, practice experience and good physical form. In the year 2000 in Europe new type of scuba diving was created – Sport Diving. The ancestors of Sport Diving – Spaniards proposed scuba divers to compete in swimming pool using main skills of equipment handling, speed and swimming styles. Sport Diving was born in Spain. Even before 2000 the Spanish Underwater Federation FEDAS held national competitions, where sport divers were competing in full equipment for recreational scuba diving. How sport divers were competing under water? They raced under water using scuba, including relay; imitated night diving: sticking mask with tape, searched for scattered material, swam in pairs using partner’s octopus etc. Eventually, the level of competitions and the number of participants had been growing, and on 2005 General Assembly of CMAS (World Underwater Federation), founded by Jacques-Yves Cousteau in 1959, the Spaniards presented participants with the event 300 meters Trial M and spoke about the need to add sport diving to the list of underwater sports. This process took 3 years, and in 2008 CMAS included sport diving into underwater sport by officially recognizing 5 events. 3 individual events: Trial M, Night Diving, Emersion and two team events: Obstacle Course and Briefing. Course Obstacles – 2 sport divers and Briefing – 4 sport divers. Among these five events two have a distinct length: 300 meters Trial M and 100 m Obstacle Course. After tremendous effort of Russian Underwater Federation (RUF) in 2010 the Russian Federation Ministry of Sport and Tourism officially included two sport diving events into underwater sport in Unified All-Russian Sports Classifier (UASC): 300 meters Trial M and 100 m Obstacle Course. From this moment, competitions and records became official. This created a powerful incentive to engage in sport diving. And, already in July 2010 in Kazan first ever Sport Diving European Championship was held. For scuba divers the main motive became availability and throughout all season. It is not by chance that Europe became the birthplace of sport diving. There are not so many good diving sites within walking distance. And, after buying quite expensive scuba diving equipment, using it several times a year during vacation is at least irrational. For such scuba divers swimming in the pool “for gaining experience and pleasure” is no longer interesting. And, for health purposes it is possible to swim without a scuba. But, as soon as a distance is set, and your friends stand on a lane near you, an ancient instinct awakens in each of us – to win. It is it that is the driving force of evolution, which made a man of a monkey. And, a bore everyday swimming in the pool turns into an entertaining competition. Finally, if international competitions are held, medals and titles are awarded, the intrigue increases over and over again.